Most people look forward to special days or holidays. Most days are ordinary days in which we carry on the commonplace duties of life. Some days are special days that have a particular meaning. We observe these special days in various ways.
What are some of your favorite special days? What special days do you look forward to? Do you have a favorite holiday? Why?
The children of Israel also had certain very special days which they were to observe. In Leviticus chapter 23, verses 4-44 we learn about seven special days (although some lasted for more than one day) which are called "the _____________ of the _________" (Leviticus 23:4). The first of these was THE PASSOVER and the last of these was THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES.
What day of the year do we celebrate Christmas? ___________________________ Do we always celebrate it on this day? ______ We would never think of having Christmas in the middle of the summer when it is 90 degrees hot. In what month do we always observe Thanksgiving? ___________________When do you observe your birthday? ___________________________ Is it always observed at the same time every year? We all know when the Fourth of July is celebrated. This is also called Independence Day. Special days take place at appointed times during the year and they are usually printed on calendars so that people will know exactly when these holidays will take place.
Likewise, the children of Israel knew exactly when their holy days were to take place. For example, what was the appointed time for the PASSOVER (Leviticus 23:5)? ________________________________________________________ The only problem is that the children of Israel had a different calendar system than the one we use today. When we think of the first month, what month do we think of? _____________________ But when the Jews thought of the first month, they thought of Nisan. The Jewish months were different. The twelve Jewish months were as follows:
As you can see, Nisan was the first month, Tishri was the seventh month and Adar was the twelfth month. On our Calendar, the important holidays (special days) that we observe fall on the following months:
|January||New Years Day|
|Good Friday/Easter (sometimes in March; sometimes in April)|
|July||Independence Day (4th of July)|
On the Jewish Calendar, the important feasts and holy days and special days fall on the following months:
The Feast of Unleavened Bread
The Feast of First Fruits
|Sivan||The Feast of Pentecost|
|Tishri||The Feast of Trumpets
(Rosh Hashanah/New Year)
The Day of Atonement
The Feast of Tabernacles
The many holidays that we observe today were established by men, not by God. It was our national leaders who decided that our country should observe Thanksgiving Day every November. (Most other countries do not observe Thanksgiving Day.) It was men who decided to celebrate Christmas and who chose the date (December 25). In the Bible, God never tells us to observe this day. Believers are told to remember Christs death often by the observance of Communion (1 Cor. 11:23-25) but believers are never told to remember Christs birth (although certainly God wants us to ponder the great truths found in Matthew 1 and Luke 1-2, such as the incarnation, the virgin birth, etc.). Thinking about Christ's incarnation and the reason He came into the world can be very edifying, but God never commanded us to celebrate Christmas.
The holidays or holy days observed by the children of Israel were not man-made. God Himself established these special days and commanded His people to observe them (see Leviticus chapter 23, especially verses 2 and 4). Moses did not originate the idea to have these special days. The idea came from the mind and heart of God.
There is meaning and significance behind most holidays. It is more than just eating a special meal or seeing relatives or not having to go to school. Special days have special meaning. What meaning do the following days have to you?
(Fourth of July)
The Jewish special days also had meaning which we will consider later in this chapter. The problem comes when a special day loses its meaning. People celebrate the day and do this and that, but they often do not really know why they are doing it. The true meaning of the holiday is not understood or appreciated by them. Sadly, this is true for many at Christmas time. People are all excited about the holiday (the lights, the shopping, the gifts, the trees, Santa, etc.) but they dont really understand the Christ of Christmas, nor do they understand why He was born.
The same was true of many of the Jewish holy days. These days soon lost their meaning. The Jews even failed to observe some of these days even though God commanded them to do this. For example, from the days of Joshua down to the time of Nehemiah, the feast of tabernacles had never once been celebrated (see Nehemiah 8:17).
Children are always interested in special days. They see the Christmas trees and lights and gifts and they get all excited. Such times can be good teaching opportunities. One parent used Christmas sights as an opportunity to teach the following:
For the children of Israel, the Passover time of the year was always a good time for the parents to teach the children about how God brought them out of the land of Egypt by His powerful Hand (see Exodus 13:8,14). Children are always filled with many questions, especially on special days when special activities take place. If parents can supply the right answers then the holiday can become a wonderful time of learning.
Many holidays should stir the mind and cause us to remember certain things that sometimes we tend to forget. In our country we have a special REMEMBRANCE holiday called MEMORIAL DAY. What should we remember on this day? Is this something that we tend to forget or take for granted? What should Thanksgiving Day remind us of or make us think about (see Psalm 103:2)? What should INDEPENDENCE DAY remind you of?
The children of Israel had special days to remind them about some special things that God had done for them. For example, what day were they never to forget (Exodus 13:3)? ____________________________________________________________________ The Passover was observed each year to help them remember this.
Many people travel at Christmas time or at Thanksgiving time. Many go to be with relatives. Children and parents and grandparents are often brought together under the same roof. Did you travel anywhere last Christmas? Did you travel anywhere last Thanksgiving?
The children of Israel would often travel all the way to the city of Jerusalem for some of the important feast days (especially the Passover, the Feast of Pentecost and the Feast of Tabernacles). They wanted to be where the temple was. This is why there were so many people in Jerusalem the week that Christ was put to death on the cross. It was the Passover time and thousands of pilgrims and visitors came to this city (Josephus says there were 2,700,000 people in the city at Passover time). Also in Acts chapter 2 we learn that there were Jews from every nation under heaven who had gathered together at Jerusalem for the feast of Pentecost (Acts 2:1,5).
Some holidays should make us think about what is going to take place in the future. For example, when we think about Christmas we usually think about the first coming of Christ when the Saviour came to this earth and was born in Bethlehem. However, Christmas should also point to the future and remind us that there is also a second coming of Christ. Ethel Miller thought about this when she wrote the following poem about Christmas:
He Is Coming Again
The birth of the Saviour is something we know;
By the first of November, decorations are sold;
The children, though looking for Santa and fun,
Yes, the world has a Christmas of color and show
His coming again is in the Book, too;
The cross and the grave and the rising again
Are you telling your friends as Christmas draws near
What sorrow for many! What joy for the few
The seven feasts of the LORD (Leviticus 23) pointed ahead to the future in a very special way. Remember, all of these feasts were established by God and originated with Him. All of these seven feasts point ahead to the Lord Jesus Christ and what He would accomplish for man. The feasts were "shadows" (compare Hebrews 10:1) but the "substance" (the real thing that the shadows pointed to) was Christ. The shadow of an ice cream cone tells you that there is a real ice cream cone somewhere. What would you rather eat--the shadow of a cone or a real ice cream cone? The real thing is what we want! May God help us to understand the future (prophetic) significance of the seven feasts of the Lord:
Are you familiar with the Passover story? The key verse is found in Exodus 12:13--"when I see the _____________ I will _______ __________ you."
Gods final plague of judgment against the Egyptians was the death of the first-born. The Passover lamb was slain. The blood of the Passover lamb was applied to the door post (Exodus 12:7). When God came that night on His mission of death, what did He do when He saw the BLOOD on the door of the house (Exodus 12:13,23)? __________________________________________ When He did not see the blood, what did He do? _______________________________________
All of this pictures the great work which Christ did on the cross for us. The following diagrams may help:
THE SINNER DESERVES DEATH!
THE PASSOVER LAMB IS SLAIN
1 Corinthians 5:7
THE BLOOD OF THE LAMB is personally applied to the heart's door BY
GOD WILL NOT JUDGE the person
who has personally applied the blood of Christ
Thus the Passover feast not only looked back to the great work that God did in Egypt, but it also looked ahead to the great work of REDEMPTION accomplished by Jesus Christ when He shed His blood on the cross!
Following REDEMPTION (The Passover) the believer is to have a HOLY WALK in fellowship with a HOLY GOD (see 1 Peter 1:15-16). "Leaven" in the Bible is a symbol of the corrupting influence of evil and sin. Thus the absence of leaven would point to holiness and purity of life (see 1 Corinthians 5:8). After a person goes through the door of redemption he finds himself on the path of holiness. "But now being made free from _______ (redemption), and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto __________________ and the end everlasting life" (Romans 6:22).
This was a special day to celebrate the harvest. The children of Israel were to bring a sheaf of the first fruits of their harvest to be waved before the Lord with thanksgiving. The first fruits brought this message of hope and encouragement: "THERES MORE TO COME!" When you pick your first tomato from your garden you might think, "This is the first tomato, but THERE ARE MORE TO COME!"
This feast pointed ahead to the RESURRECTION OF JESUS CHRIST. Notice that the sheaf was waved on the day after the Sabbath. The Jewish Sabbath was the seventh day of the week (Saturday), and so the day after the Sabbath would have been the first day of the week or S__________________ This is the day that Christ rose again from the dead (Mark 16:9).
In the resurrection chapter of the Bible (1 Corinthians 15) we have a description of the great resurrection harvest: "But every man in his own order: Christ the __________________, afterward they that are Christs at His coming" (1 Cor. 15:23). Christs resurrection brought this message of hope and encouragement: "THERES MORE TO COME!" Because He lives, we shall live also!
The Feast of Weeks was a harvest feast also known as Pentecost (which means "fiftieth day"). It took place fifty days after the offering of the first fruits (seven weeks later). This feast also took place on a Sunday (Lev. 23:16).
What happened seven weeks after the resurrection of Christ? The answer is found in Acts 2:1--"And when the ______ of ___________________ was fully come." It was on this day that the Holy Spirit came to dwell with believers in a very special way and the CHURCH was born. Notice that with the wave sheaf (FEAST OF FIRST FRUITS) no leaven was offered, for there was no sin or evil in Christ. However, the wave loaves (FEAST OF PENTECOST) which pointed to the CHURCH were "baked with leaven" because the presence of sin and evil is still found in the CHURCH (Lev. 23:17 and compare Romans 7:17,20,21).
This feast took place in the seventh month of the Jewish calendar. Trumpets were blown in Israel for different reasons: 1) to sound an alarm; 2) to prepare the people for battle; 3) to call the people together for an assembly (meeting).
When the Lord Jesus Christ returns, the trumpet will sound to call Gods people together. First, Jesus Christ will come for His church. This is called the RAPTURE. The Bible teaches that when this happens "the trumpet will sound" (see 1 Thess. 4:16 and 1 Cor. 15:52). Secondly, Jesus Christ will return to earth to be Israels Messiah and King. At this time the trumpet will again sound and the Jewish people will be regathered and brought together (see Matthew 24:31).
This day was so important that the Bible devotes an entire chapter to it (SEE LEVITICUS CHAPTER 16). The New Testament clearly explains to us how the Day of Atonement pointed to Jesus Christ and the work which He did on the cross (see Hebrews chapter 9). In Leviticus chapter 23 the Day of Atonement is presented as a day of sorrow and repentance (note the word "afflict" in Leviticus 23:27,29,32).
The nation Israel rejected the atonement provided by Jesus Christ (John 1:11). However, a future day is coming when the nation Israel will mourn and repent and recognize that Jesus Christ, the One who was crucified, is the true and only Saviour of men (See ZECHARIAH 12:10-14). At that time a great FOUNTAIN of cleansing will be opened unto the Jewish people (Zechariah 13:1) and "all Israel will be saved" (Romans 11:26-27). Thus the day is coming when this nation will recognize Jesus Christ as their only hope for atonement and salvation. May God help us to recognize and receive Christ as our personal Saviour TODAY.
The feast of sorrow (DAY OF ATONEMENT) was followed by the feast of gladness (TABERNACLES). What word in Leviticus 23:40 tells us that the feast of tabernacles was a feast of gladness? ______________ In the days of Nehemiah when this feast was finally celebrated, after so many years of not observing it, there was "very great _________________" (Nehemiah 8:17).
The feast of tabernacles looked back and it looked forward. It looked back to the great work of redemption which God had done in Egypt (Lev. 23:43). It also looked ahead to the glorious kingdom of Christ which every Jew looked forward to. When Christ is King on earth, the Jews and people from every nation will celebrate the feast of tabernacles every year (Zechariah 14:16).
All seven of the feasts of the LORD can be summarized on the following chart:
THE FEASTS OF THE LORD (see Leviticus 23)
Usually when we think of special days we think of our birthday. The Bible mentions birthdays in only two places, and in each place the birthday celebration resulted in a mans death. In Genesis 40:20-22 Pharaohs birthday was observed and the chief baker was put to death. In Matthew 14:6-12 we learn that Herod had a birthday party and it was on this occasion that John the Baptist lost his head.
This can be a reminder to us that our birthday demands a death day. We were all born in sin and sin demands death! Only those who are BORN AGAIN can claim the promise of eternal life. Thus we have the "revised" words to the birthday song:
HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO YOU! JUST ONE WILL NOT DO!
BORN AGAIN MEANS SALVATION! HOW MANY HAVE YOU?
HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO YOU! JUST ONE WILL NOT DO!
TAKE CHRIST AS YOUR SAVIOUR, AND THEN YOU'LL HAVE TWO!
The children of Israel were to observe a special day every week. They were to "REMEMBER THE _______________ DAY, to keep it holy." (Exodus 20:8)
What day of the week was the Sabbath day? What were the Jews to do on this day (or what were they not to do)? What were they to remember and think about on this day?
Believers in Christ (church age believers) also have a very special day each week. What day is this? Why do Christians worship on this day and not some other day?
Note: For a detailed study on the Sabbath and the Lord's day, see the following document: The Sabbath and The Lord's Day.